Wednesday, September 2, 2020

United States Involvement in The Second World War (WWII) Essay

World War II      As authoritarian satisfies developed into power, the United States engaged with World War II to help control these gatherings and to advance majority rule government in the European performance center of the world. The gathering with the most force at the time was the Nazi Party, drove by Adolf Hitler. This communist gathering was driven by a ground-breaking despot who split away from the League of Nations and started to vanquish huge measures of an area at a quick rate. The United States needed to disregard outside issues in dread of a whole new universal war. The United States couldn't keep away from the reality Hitler was assuming control over Europe and help was required. The United States turned out to be completely engaged with the European performance center of World War II when Hitler drove his militaries on a progression of blitzkrieg’s, assuming control over Denmark, Norway, Belgium, Holland, northern France, and by breaking the Nazi-Soviet agreement.      The United States, under the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt, needed to stay nonpartisan and needed to avoid outside issues. Individuals like Lindbergh firmly contradicted any guide to outside issues, yet Roosevelt felt American security and Democracy was in danger if no assistance was given. As Hitler started his battles in Europe, particularly in Poland, the United States sent guide to France and Britain to oppose the Nazi’s. Germany vanquished Poland and effortlessly took over more fragile nations, some of the time without Keith 2 discharging a solitary shot as in Czechoslovakia. The United States remained...

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Journal of Contemporary Research in Management - MyAssignmenthelp

Question: Examine about the Journal of Contemporary Research in Management. Answer: Presentation Computerized showcasing and correspondence has its effect in each conceivable industry one can consider. It is currently an essential method of advancement for each business in this creating world (Armstrong et al. 2015). Australia has just accomplished its turn of events and countless the Australians are effectively taking an interest in person to person communication, paying little heed to age. They have totally acknowledged the mechanical advancement and utilizing it as a fundamental piece of their public activity (Ryan 2016; Tiago and Verssimo 2014). The chose business for the satisfaction of the report is Chefs of Tandoori Second Innings, one of the popular Indian cafés present in Adelaide. The key plans that are fitting to address the circumstance are versatile showcasing, SEO, online networking promoting, search advertisement crusade, email promoting and content advertising. The explanation of adding Second Innings is to exhibit the recovery of their business after the 2011 f ire, which caused them, shut down the business. The noteworthy reason, anyway is to placed quintessence in the name as the greater part of the clients are cricket sweethearts ( 2017). Harry and Sandy, the proprietor of the Chefs of Tandoori Second Innings have made some amazing progress from India with their experience of working in five star lodgings and eateries in India and abroad. Their essential strategic not exclusively to make Chefs of Tandoori a standout amongst other Indian Restaurants in Adelaide, yet additionally the best Indian Cuisines accessible in entire Australia. For the finish of their strategic, organization has accomplished something no other eatery thought of. They have risen above the social and local limits of Indian food and collected all under a solitary menu to introduce the differentiated flavors and social specialities in Adelaide. This key execution has unquestionably paid them well as they are one of the top realized Indian eatery present in Adelaide. Additionally, both the proprietors are cricket sweethearts and joined this as a necessary part to pull in their clients. It encouraged them to construct a client base that adores both Indian and the Australian cricket. Besides, they have actualized an expanded procedure for working in the Adelaide showcase. They fill in as a conventional eatery, yet additionally acknowledge online request through portable application. They have systems to make an incentive with this that would be talk about in the later part. Additionally, they take orders for a wide range of capacities and gatherings ( 2017). They likewise have dinner administration and arranged separate menu in like manner to serve the clients as needs be. Operational Area The organization works in customary table help, yet in addition include themselves in sorting out capacities and parties or even serve meals ( 2017). They are presently taking on the web request for better serve their clients. This is an incredible method of impact the objective clients in the serious market as they are accomplishing something other than what's expected from their rivals. An impressive number of Indians have opened their café business in Adelaide that are serving Indian food. In any case, they are constrained to just a couple of social cooking. Taj Tandoor, Namaste Nepalese Restaurant, New Indian Restaurant are a portion of the significant contenders that Chefs of Tandoori has in the market that can possibly challenge them ( 2017). It is critical to distinguish the quality, shortcoming, dangers and opportunity presented by the market and contenders for each industry. It helps the organization in setting the promoting systems accordingly(Grant 2016). While talking about the qualities and shortcomings, it merits referencing that the enhanced food menu for both the table and the meal and gatherings is their essential quality that no other café serve in the zone of activity. On opposite, the huge fire that caused total shut down of the business for almost a year has presented destroying sway on the business (Bohari, Hin and Fuad 2017). In addition, their food menu is set up to pull in the Indian clients to their café that could likewise be consider a shortcoming. The menu and the methodology neglects to pull in the Australian beginnings. Dangers and Opportunities The opposition that other Indian cafés present on them is the greatest danger for the association. A portion of the primary contenders that are referenced before in the report presents responsible danger in their activity. Then again, the enhanced food menu, online request and booking, advanced showcasing and utilization of computerized mode for esteem creation gives them chance to become quicker. Additionally, developing number of Indians in Adelaide give them a chance. The business has arranged their menu to pull in Indians having a place from each district and culture that makes them chance to investigate more. Be that as it may, they need methodologies to pull in the Australian populace to their doorsteps (Grant 2016). The business has just made their quality in the computerized world with consolidation of online life promoting. Organization has manufacture their own site with subtleties of their business and the items and administrations accessible in their café. In addition, they have construct portable application for their clients empowering them to arrange food on the web and book table in their café. They use their facebook other interpersonal interaction pages to refresh their clients of their most recent occasions and advancement. What more the organization do is to urge their clients to give their master conclusions over these long range interpersonal communication locales to comprehend and adjust their administrations in like manner to meet the prerequisites. It likewise fills in as a worth creation process for the organization. They are following an alternate promoting procedure in their subsequent opening. They are presently concentrating on advanced advancement, which effectively profited them over this time. They are using mainstream long range informal communication locales for both advancing their items and getting criticisms for the administrations gave to the clients. It encourages them in esteem formation of their business. Furthermore, their offices for making buy utilizing the versatile application empower their clients acquire focuses that will give them additional advantage on future buys. The efficient organization site effectively conveys the items and administrations offered in their eateries and explicitly recognize the objective client fragment. Their rewarding food menu separates them from other comparable organizations in the territory and states precisely why the clients ought to go for their product.They have appropriately situated their item in their site. The items and administrations are anything but difficult to track down in their site and plainly imparted to the clients. Incorporated Marketing Strategy Despite the fact that the organization has actualized the center rule of computerized promoting in their business, they are flopping in acquiring most extreme advantages out of it. They are confronting a few difficulties in their activity. The above conversation shows that they are just concentrating on facebook as their interpersonal organization advertising. There are different stages utilized by the by target fragment. A portion of the famous informal organizations are Instagram, twitter, Pinterest they can consolidate in their showcasing procedure. The following recognizable test that the organization face is the low quality of substance in their site (Pulizzi 2012). In any case, they have fruitful expressed their contributions, target clients and the advantages; they neglect to draw in the clients because of its bluntness. While visiting their site, it was recognizable that the organization has empowered their clients to arrange over web and conveyance by Uber Eats. In any case, there was no office given to the clients to making on the web installment. Next to these difficulties, the organization has made an area for the clients to make any enquiries that additionally by means of email. No quick procedure is joined to meet the clients enquires. These are because of their absence of information in computerized advertising application and under capability of the staffs recruited. Important proposals are made underneath to beat the difficulties referenced (Leeflang et al. 2014). Suggestion and Justification The most significant issue that requires consideration is the substance on the site. It is said that the initial introduction is the last. Subsequently, they need a progressively alluring site that catch the clients consideration and make them read the loaded with its contribution. It is a piece of vital promoting, which produces applicable, important and constant substance for attractingthe clients and fabricate client base to create revenue.Hence, the business should enlist a substance designer with more information on the field and can appropriately orchestrate the substance and make it interesting(Pulizzi 2012). Making the staffs perfect for computerized showcasing is another vital necessity as each worker assumes significant job in advancement. Staffs client assistance aptitudes ought to be grow in like manner to address the issue. They are as of now advancing their business just through facebook, which is a significant downside for the business. The objective fragment investigates other systems administration destinations that are referenced in the above segment. The organization needs to take advantage of them also for increasing wanted outcomes. This requires more specialists in the field of advancement to keep up following (Tuten and Solomon 2014). The organization should begin an assistance online assistance work area to give quick help to the clients. Email help is definitely not up to check for advanced computerized promoting. They promptly need to begin client helpline once again media transmission. Online installment is another significant issue distinguished in the report. Culinary experts of Tandoori is in pressing need of empowering clients to make online installment. They have to make coordinated effort with the famous installment channels like paytm or straightforwardly collabo

Friday, August 21, 2020

Does Caffeine Affect the Heart Rate Essays

Does Caffeine Affect the Heart Rate Essays Does Caffeine Affect the Heart Rate Paper Does Caffeine Affect the Heart Rate Paper Point: The point of this examination is to research the effect of caffeine on the pulse of Daphnia (Water Fleas). Theory: The pulse of the Daphnia will increment when presented to caffeine. Caffeine goes about as an energizer, which causes stimulatory synapses to be discharged in overabundance sums. This causes the cerebrum to feel progressively alarm and furthermore increments mental action. Subsequently an expansion in the pulse is likely if increasingly physical action is occurring. Technique: 1. Set up contraption required 6 Daphnia, depression slides, dropping pipettes, refined water, caffeine tablets, cotton fleece, glass measuring glasses, test tubes, test tube rack, stop clock, channel paper, and magnifying lens. 2. After hardware is set us, gather 6 Daphnia. Spot 3 into lake water and 3 into caffeine arrangement. 3. At that point place a flimsy layer of cotton fleece onto the slides under the magnifying lens. 4. Gather one Daphnia from the lake water, utilizing the pipette and spot onto cotton fleece. Looking under the magnifying lens, time its pulse for 15 seconds utilizing a stop clock and record. 5. Sit tight for 2 minutes and afterward record the heartbeat again for 15 seconds. Guarantee the stop clock is running ceaselessly all through. 6. Record the heartbeat of the Daphnia at regular intervals for 15 seconds until you have accounts for the beginning, after 2 mins, 4 mins and 6 mins. 7. Rehash stages 4-6 another multiple times. This will guarantee the outcomes are solid as the trial would have been rehashed a few times. 8. In the wake of having rehashed the analysis, change the cotton fleece and rehash stages 4-7, this time utilizing the Daphnia from the caffeine arrangement. Hazard Assessment/Safety: Wear gloves when working with organic example and guarantee you wash hands after the down to earth as they may contain microbes which could spread making hurt others. Additionally ensure you wear sterile garments if there should arise an occurrence of any spillage onto your garments. Use goggles again to ensure eyes, if there should be an occurrence of spillage. Likewise wipe down surfaces and wash hands with hostile to bacterial splashes/cleanser to clean away any microorganisms. Moral Issues: Try to guarantee that the Daphnia remain alive after use as they are living animals as well. To guarantee the Daphnia remain alive, use pipettes while moving the Daphnia from the arrangement, to the magnifying lens and go into lake water.

Wednesday, May 27, 2020

5 Elements of the Perfect Print Job

In the age of nearly free digital marketing resources, any funds spent on print advertising should be allocated with care. In other words, there is no reason to settle for a second-rate print job when you can achieve print perfection. Related: Why print will never die: Print vs. digital collateral When you ensure each of these 5 elements are handled with precise attention to detail, the result will be a perfect print job you can distribute with pride. Let's get started! Color consistency One of the most difficult elements of print production to perfect is color matching. You will pay more for 4-color CMYK (cyan, magenta, yellow, key/black) printing than you will for black-and-white, so you should expect your completed color print job to mirror the exact colors of your brand, logo and ad design. The best way to ensure an identical color match is to use the Pantone matching system (PMS for short). You can use Pantone swatches in two ways: for spot color printing or by inputting the RGB and HTML Pantone swatch numbers to color-match an on-screen design. Paper type The type of paper you choose for a print job will influence the success of the end result. No two paper samples are alike, and everything from the "whiteness" of the white to the texture to the weight can affect how your print job comes out. Some papers produce a cleaner fold than others. Certain papers types are longer-lasting, while others hold accurate colors better. Heavier weight papers can convey a more luxurious, opulent message. The brightness and type of finish (matte, gloss, etc.) may make the message easier or more challenging to read. Formatting Formatting refers to whether or not your print job is delivered to the printer in a format that will perfectly translate at print time. In short, you want to be sure your designer delivers a "print-ready" file in PDF format that is at least 300 dpi with trim, crop and bleed marks noted. Also, the print ready file should adhere to any specific requirements of the printer type you will be using. Without the correct file formatting, and a test print to confirm all looks as it should, you run a high risk of having to redo your job. Formatting is what ensures the design you want is the design you get at print time. Layout For any print job, you probably know from the start what information the finished piece must contain. Some common must-haves: website URL, contact information, company name & logo, and descriptions of products or services. The word "layout" refers to where and how these required items are placed, as well as what space is left for items that may come later (such as a customer mailing address or postal meter stamp). Scrutinizing the layout for font size and readability, visual impact, clarity and orientation (portrait or landscape) is key for ensuring the end print job is suited to your needs. Printing partner Finally, your completed print job is likely to be only as good as the printing partner you choose to work with. You want to select a printing partner that can provide either an electronic or hard copy test proof for your approval. Search for a printing partner who isn't satisfied until you are, who has clear policies about when a re-print can be requested. Finally, you want to select a printing partner with an excellent reputation for delivering quality print results. Translating an artistic vision from mind to screen to paper can be difficult, but with all 5 of these elements securely in place, you will see a tremendous difference in your printed materials. Ready to design your own print ideas? Lucidpress makes it easy to create beautifully branded content in a matter of minutes.

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Assess the Strengths and Weaknesses of the Functionalist...

Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the functionalist approach to society (33 marks) Functionalism is seen as a macro-scale approach to society; it sees society as a whole rather than looking at parts of it. Due to this, functionalism sees society as a body (organic analogy), all the institutions work together to make society. This is particularly useful when observing society in order to understand the way in which it functions and the way in which all the institutions (organic analogy: organs within the body) work together to sustain society as a whole. Functionalism being a macro-scale approach is therefore seen as a strength as it allows functionalist sociologists to observe society, and its institutions, as a whole.†¦show more content†¦This is therefore seen as a weakness of functionalism as society does have many inequalities which functionalism fails to acknowledge. Talcott Parsons, a functionalist sociologist who elaborated on Durkheim’s work about society and its functions, claimed that society is like an organism, in particular, the human body. He argued that all institutions, such as the family and the education system, within society function together to maintain society just as the organs within a human body work together to maintain life. In particular, Parsons identified three similarities between the human body and society; he claimed that they were both systems within themselves – all the parts of a body and the institutions within society fit together in fixed ways. He also identified that these ‘systems’ have needs – the human body needs nutrition to help it sustain life, whereas society needs adequate socialisation in order for society to continue functioning in the way that it does. Parsons also stated that both the human body and society have functions – the functions of the systems within the human body ensure that the body’s needs are meet thus maintaining life; whereas, in society, the economy functions to maintain the social system. As parsons’ analogy helps sociologists to better understand the way in which institutions in society workShow MoreRelatedMarxists theory to the sociological understanding of crime and deviance913 Words   |  4 Pagesï » ¿Assess the contribution of the Marxist theory to the sociological understanding of crime and deviance. (21 marks) Marxism is a macro/structural approach to society, meaning that it looks at the large-scale societal structure for answers about how society works and operates and explores crime and deviance in relation to classes within a capitalist society. Marxists claim that laws do not reflect a value consensus, instead laws and law enforcement benefits the rich (protection of private property)Read MoreStrengths and Weaknesses of the Functionalist View on Society1459 Words   |  6 PagesAssess the strengths and weaknesses of the functionalist view on society. Functionalism is a consensus perspective, whereby society is based on shared values and norms into which members are socialised. For functionalists, society is seen as a system of social institutions such as the economy, religion and the family all of which perform socialisation functions. A strength of the functionalist theory is that it a macro level structural theory which uses an organic analogy- using the body asRead MoreBio and Socio Medical691 Words   |  3 Pagesexcludes psychological, environmental, and social influences. This model relates to the functionalist approach of health as it specifies that health is the absences of disease and it’s regarded as dysfunctional for the society as individuals cannot make a positive contribution to the running of society. According to the perspective of Marxists, he argued that doctors encourage the production rate of the society by explaining health as the potential to work, he also disseminated that working is betterRead MoreFamily as a Social Institution Essay1518 Words   |  7 Pagesrelation to the notion of families as authority relations rather than our modern terminology being of families as groups of loved ones. It is also important to note that marriage in those other than the elite in most white Christian societies was not a ceremony performed until the last 250 years or so. This was because of the way in which land and other things of value were to be divided and as only the rich had to worry about disbursement of assets after their deaths theyRead MoreFundamental Values Of Society And The Human Body2729 Words   |  11 Pagessociological perspectives Functionalism The functionalist method to sociology is best known for comparing society to the human body. The different institutions in society each have special offers to produce just as the body works through the structured interrelationship of basic organs, like the lungs, heart and liver. They use tactics of social control to deal distribute with abnormal members or groups, and they also work together. As a psychological approach, Talcott Parsons performed an importantRead MoreStarbucks Business Plan31663 Words   |  127 Pagestheory of science 14 3.1.1 Three methodological views of Arbnor and Bjerke 14 The analytical view 15 The systems view 17 The actors view 19 3.1.2 Four sociological paradigms of Burrell and Morgan 21 3.1.3 Functionalist paradigm 22 3.1.4 Interpretive paradigm 23 3.1.5 Radical humanist paradigm 23 3.1.6 Radical structuralist paradigm 23 3.2 Comparison of Arbnor amp; Bjerke and Burrell amp; Morgan 24 3.3 Limitations and Assumptions 26 3.4 ValidityRead MoreSociology Essay20437 Words   |  82 Pagesto make the necessary arrangement at the ï ¬ rst opportunity. C ontents Introduction to AS Sociology xxxi–l Module 1 Families and Households 1–102 Unit 1.1 Introduction Unit 1.2 Theoretical Explanations of the Role of Families in society Unit 1.3 Social Change and Families and Households: Demographic trends and statistical evidence Unit 1.4 Marriage, Cohabitation and Divorce Unit 1.5 Older Relatives and Children in Families Unit 1.6 Domestic Division of Labour Debate and PowerRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 Pagesand Johnson have provided. They have done some sterling service in bringing together the very diverse strands of work that today qualify as constituting the subject of organisational theory. Whilst their writing is accessible and engaging, their approach is scholarly and serious. It is so easy for students (and indeed others who should know better) to trivialize this very problematic and challenging subject. This is not the case with the present book. This is a book that deserves to achieve a wideRead MoreContemporary Issues in Management Accounting211377 Words   |  846 Pagesaccounting. Serious in intent, he has striven both to illuminate practice and to provide ways of improving it. Although always appealing to his economic understandings, he has been open to a wide variety of other ideas, recognizing their intellectual strengths and capabilities rather than making artificial distinctions between what is acceptabl e and what is not. He also has contributed widely to the accounting literature, taking forward the British tradition of economic theorizing in financial accountingRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pagesand Organizational Psychology. Fellowship: Dr. Judge is a fellow of the American Psychological Association, the Academy of Management, the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, and the American Psychological Society. Awards: In 1995, Dr. Judge received the Ernest J. McCormick Award for Distinguished Early Career Contributions from the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology. In 2001, he received the Larry L. Cummings Award for mid-career contributions from the Organizational

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay Men Vs. Women in Professional Sports - 1450 Words

Men Vs. Women in Professional Sports nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Ever since the ancient Greece, men have held athletic competitions or sports. It is only in modern times that women have had an opportunity to compete. Most sports still don’t have men and women directly competing against one another. In the past athletic instructors adapted the rules to make sports less physically taxing for women. For instance in basketball, to ensure that girls maintain proper decorum, they were forbidden from snatching the ball and dribbling it more than three times in row. Females would not be considered strong enough to play a full-court basketball game until 1971. Women have struggled to be taken seriously as athletes for more than two centuries.†¦show more content†¦Women first started taking great strides in professional sports during World War II. When the male professional baseball players went off to war, a group of team owners started a professional league for woman (the All-Am erican Girls Professional Baseball League). This league turned out to be successful. After the men came back from war, however the woman’s league could no longer sustain itself financially and had to shut down. Over the past twenty years, however there have been more and more professional women sports leagues opening and prospering. One such league is the WNBA (Women’s National Basketball Association), while the league opened being financially backed by the male league (NBA) over its first five years it has become a financial success with high profits and good TV ratings on major and cable networks. Some woman’s leagues even become just as or ever more successful that there male counterparts. An example of such a league in the women’s professional tennis tour which lately has had better television ratings and draws more fans than its male counterpart. In 2001 for the first time, ever the woman’s Final at the US Open Tennis Championship (the tours m ost prestigious played in the United States) was broadcast on a major television network (NBC) in primetime (8pm). Media coverage of womens sports is considered important because it increases the level ofShow MoreRelatedMen vs. Women in Professional Sports1502 Words   |  7 PagesMen Vs. Women in Professional Sports Ever since the ancient Greece, men have held athletic competitions or sports. It is only in modern times that women have had an opportunity to compete. Most sports still dont have men and women directly competing against one another. In the past athletic instructors adapted the rules to make sports less physically taxing for women. For instance in basketball, to ensure that girls maintain proper decorum, they were forbidden from snatching the ball and dribblingRead MoreThe Role Of Media As A Powerful Medium That Shapes And Reflects The Beliefs, Attitudes, And Values Of Society992 Words   |  4 Pagesunderstanding of social concepts embodied in sports. Duncan(1992) c onducted a study of female presentation in sports which examined male and female athletes presentation. She saw that there was a notable difference in the way commentators referred to men an women athletes. Women were referred to as â€Å"girls† or â€Å"women† and were also at times identified by their first name. Men on the other hand were never called â€Å"boys† but were referred to as â€Å"men†, â€Å"young-men†, or â€Å"young fellas† (Duncan, 1992). The descriptionsRead MoreNba vs Wnba1115 Words   |  5 PagesNBA vs WNBA Victor Zuniga Composition and Communication I June 30, 2013 Abstract We are going to talk about the differences about the National Basketball Association and the Woman National Basketball Association. Because right now the popularity on the WNBA is known than the NBA, mainly because of the excitement of the NBA brings to the fans is a lot more entertaining than the WNBA, obviously because in the NBA have more money to pay their players and to have nice venue. An interviewRead MoreNutritional Knowledge And Athletes : Nutrition1661 Words   |  7 Pagesnutritional habits. There was one study that examined male collegiate athletes and their knowledge about protein needs while another looked for a correlation between nutritional knowledge and nutritional habits in professional rugby players. A third study looked at the effect of a sports dietitian and gender differences on nutritional habits for collegiate athletes. In the following paragraphs, these three studies will be discussed in further detail. Protein is one of the three macronutrients requiredRead More Women in Sports and Sports Broadcasting Essay584 Words   |  3 PagesWomen in Sports and Sports Broadcasting Before I conducted this media analysis about women in sports and sport broadcasting, I hypothesized the obvious - that more male sports would be in the media, and that there would be more male sports broadcasters as well. Through my observations I did find that the sports arena and sports broadcasting sphere are male dominated. However, I also found that although there are not many stories about women, there has been a steady progression and magazinesRead MoreGender Stereotyping Of Sports Media1743 Words   |  7 PagesGender stereotyping in sports media is something we see everyday in magazines and on TV. Since sports were invented, males have dominated one of Canada’s largest pastimes. Reasons for this being physicality and strength, but as time progressed women began to become more involved in the culture of sport. Today there is almost an equal amount of women participating in sports as man, yet women are still not being represented with the same approach as men. Ab out a month ago I found a video onlineRead MoreComparing Basketball And The Basketball Association826 Words   |  4 PagesWNBA vs. NBA Basketball is one of the most popular sports played and watched nationwide and global. Shooting, dribbling, crossing someone up, and even dunking has caught the eye of many people around the world. Many basketball players start at young age playing at a local recreation or YMCA (Young Men’s Christian Association) to build their skills and IQ of the game. This sport also consists of two genders: male and female. One of the top associations in American sports today is The National BasketballRead MoreFemale Athletes And Sports Teams Essay1581 Words   |  7 PagesEssay Female athletes and sports leagues are viewed as less important than men’s professional athletics. This is because gender stereotypes are still evident in our society, which is shown in the way women are presented in sports media and that sports leadership roles are mainly male oriented in our society. There is a small percentage of female voicing at the higher levels of sports organizations, in Australian and Canadian leagues. This reflects why we need more women at the heads of these organizationRead MoreWomen Discrimination In Sports1572 Words   |  7 PagesDiscrimination in Women Sports Women have always been the minority in today’s world whether that’s in the work force or even in sports. Title IX a act that was made by the United States Congress in 1972 that said that no one should be denied to play, receive financial aid, or discrimination to any education program or activity that pertains to only one sex. (Senne 1) This act was a step towards more female participation and less discrimination, but those stereotypes most of society believes in stillRead MoreGender Inequalities Of Sports And Gender Inequality1468 Words   |  6 PagesGender Inequalities in Sport Men throughout history have been the dominant gender, from the times of hunting with stone weapons to the modern day metal and automated machines. Many negative connotations are thought of when comparing women to men like strength, but less so when comparing men to women. Is it the society’s view that women are weaker than men or is it a natural fact brought to light? In sports women experience many prejudices, but even so some sports are equal or even female dominant

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Erving Goffman Stigma free essay sample

An ethics of enhancement should not rest on blanket judgments; it should ask us to distinguish between the kinds of activities we want to enhance. Both students and academics have turned to cognition-enhancing drugs in significant numbers—but is their enhancement a form of cheating? The answer should hinge on whether the activity subject to enhancement is zero-sum or non-zero-sum, and whether one is more concerned with excellence in process or excellence in outcome. Cognitive enhancement should be especially tolerated when the activities at stake are non-zero-sum and when the importance of process is outweighed by the importance of outcome. The use of cognition-enhancing drugs does not unnaturally cheapen accomplishments achieved under their influence; instead, cognitive enhancement is in line with well-established conceptions of collaborative authorship, which shift the locus of praise and blame from individual creators to the ultimate products of their efforts. an essay on performance-enhancing drugs, author Chuck Klosterman (2007) argues that the category of enhancers extends from hallucinogens used to inspire music to steroids used to strengthen athletes—and he criticizes those who would excuse one means of enhancement while railing against the other as a form of cheating: After the summer of 1964, the Beatles started taking serious drugs, and those drugs altered their musical performance. Though it may not have been their overt intent, the Beatles took performance-enhancing drugs. And . . . absolutely no one holds it against them. Although he may be exaggerating on both points, Klosterman still suggests a serious argument about our society’s tolerance of performance-enhancing drugs: tacit acceptance of performanceenhancing drugs in one sphere of human activity should entail toleration in other spheres, and anything else is hypocrisy. On the contrary, I consider the attitude he criticizes to be basically correct: meaningful ethical judgments on performance enhancement require meaningful distinctions among the activities that are subject to enhancement. It is possible for a consistent ethical schema to excuse the Beatles and condemn Palmeiro. I focus my argument on cognition-enhancing drugs (CEDs) and their effects on one’s understanding of cheating and human accomplishment. Although CEDs raise a number of difficult ethical questions—including issues of distributive justice, social pressure to conform, and â€Å"hubris† in altering human nature—I set those questions aside to focus in depth on cheating and accomplishment. I also refer frequently to the use of CEDs in academic settings, which already has been a significant focus of debate; but the arguments I develop could, in principle, be extended to many other settings. I argue that two distinctions among activities are especially important for developing a coherent ethics of enhancement. The first is between activities that are zero-sum and non-zero-sum. The second is between activities that are predominately characterized by what I call â€Å"process goods,† excellence in the performance of an activity, or by â€Å"outcome goods,† the benefits an activity creates. Activities in academic settings may fall anywhere in this framework; willingness to tolerate the use of CEDs should largely depend on where the activities fall. Among the most common CEDs are modafinil, methylphenidate, and dextroamphetamine, which are available under the brand names Provigil, [ 146 ] Goodman †¢ CoGnitive enhanCement, CheatinG, and aCComplishment Ritalin, and Adderall, respectively. Although originally developed to treat diagnosed conditions ranging from narcolepsy to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, their off-label use has been reported to increase users’ recall, attention span, and ability to focus on cognitive tasks; in addition, modafinil has been shown to increase wakefulness (Butcher 2003; greely et al. 2008). Some CEDs also seem to enhance users’ â€Å"executive function,† or problem-solving ability (Mehlman 2004, p. 484). Beyond the currently available drugs, research into Alzheimer’s disease and other causes of cognitive decline in the elderly is likely to contribute, intentionally or not, to the further development of CEDs: The federal government’s annual expenditure of hundreds of millions of dollars on Alzheimer’s research alone may result in CEDs that are safer and more effective than those currently available (Mehlman 2004, p. 485). Anecdotal reports provide some insight into the effects of CEDs and the subjective experience of their use. Perplexed, I got up, made a sandwich—and I was overcome with the urge to write an article that had been kicking around my subconscious for months. It rushed out of me in a few hours, and it was better than usual. . . . I was just able to glide into a state of concentration—deep, cool, effortless concentration. It was like I had opened a window in my brain and all the stuffy air had seeped out, to be replaced by a calm breeze. Once that article was finished, I wanted to do more. I wrote another article, all of it springing out of my mind effortlessly. (Hari 2008) Another journalist, David Plotz of Slate, found similar results in his own unscientific experiment. He recorded the effects of two days of modafinil use in real time: â€Å"Today I am the picture of vivacity. I am working about twice as fast as usual. I have a desperate urge to write. .